The scientific name (Toxostoma rufum) is a combination
of two Greek words, toxon (a bow) and stoma
(mouth). It comes from the curved bill of the Brown
The last part of the name (rufum) is Latin for
reddish, and comes from the body color.
Females look roughly the same as males but are smaller.
Thrashers prefer low trees, and shrubs with dense
vegetation. They can be seen in fields, wood edges, and
residential areas throughout most of the United States, and
parts of Canada.
Breeding and Nesting
Breeding season is March through July. Both birds build a
large, coarse, cup shaped nest of twigs, dead leaves, and
other vegetation. Fine grass lines the inside of the nest,
which will be located in shrubs or bushes on near the ground.
birds will incubate 2 to 6 smooth, glossy eggs for 11-14
days. Egg color is white to pale blue or greenish-blue with
reddish-brown speckles. The Young will fledge in just
less than 2 weeks. The two adults will care for them until
they fledge, and for a short period after that.
Food Feeding and Water
Natural foods are insects, invertebrates, fruits, berries,
nuts, and seeds. Brown thrashers like to feed on the ground
using their long curved bill to search leaf and ground debris
You can attract them to your backyard with seed, and suet
feeders. They will come for corn, mixed seeds, suet, fruit,
and bakery goods. They will find crumbled bits of suet or
puddings spread on the ground. The birds will gratefully use
a water source such as a birdbath to drink, and bathe in.